Blackeagle Posted May 28, 2004 Share Posted May 28, 2004 History 1903Besiktas has been founded in 1903 under the name “Besiktas Bereket Jimnastik Kulubu” (Besiktas Bereket Gymnastics Club) with colors red and white. Gymnastics, Wresting and Weight Lifting were the first sport activities. 1903Besiktas Club Emblem Symbolizes the Foundation Date.The first white stick stands for 1. The three black sticks stands for 3, and the second white stick stands for second 1. The whole emblem consists of 9 components and these 4 numbers grouped together stand for Arabic time unit the year 1319. Contemporary calender this is 1903. The star and the crescent symbolize the honour of being the first sport club to register. 1905 During the reign of Sultan Abdulhamid II all sport activites and meetings were limited. Although the founders of Besiktas were related to the palace, to avoid reactions they had to change the name of the club to “Osmanlı Besiktas Terbiye-i Bedenniye Mektebi.” (Ottoman Besiktas Sports School) 1908Following the inauguration of the parliament second time in 1908 and the liberation of establishing associations Beşiktaş changed her name to “Osmanlı Besiktas Jimnastik Kulubu”(Ottoman Besiktas Gymnastic Club). 1910Beşiktaş has been the first Turkish Club to register the name in 13 January 1910. 1911Football started being attractive to Besiktas sporters. Same year 2 local football clubs in district of Beşiktaş joined the club. Conseguently football became no.1 sport activity in Beşiktaş. 1912During the 1912 Balkan war most of the members of Beşiktaş joined the army for the defense of the country. Therefore all sports activities in all branches were stopped. Due to the losses of lives in war the red color was converted to black by the decision of the congress there on Beşiktaş was represented by Black and White colors in all sports activities. 1914During the World War I , again all Besiktas members and managers joined the army for defending the country. However not all of them succeeded to come back. 1918 Following the 1918 Mondros Treaty, Istanbul was conquered by the foreign forces. This period was not easy for the club. Most of the rewards, cups and medals were lost in this period. However Besiktas managed to survıve and started sports activities in all branches following the war. 1920 Besiktas football team in her history received the first cup of championship in 1920 after beating Darusafaka 2-1. 1923Following the declerations of the Republic in 1923 the name of the club has been changed for the last time and became “Besiktas Jimnastik Kulubu” (Besiktas Gymnastics Club) During the last 100 years Besiktas JK has the honor of being active in more then 25 branches in sports history of Turkey and supporting sport activities and creating sports facilities for the youth. 1933Seref Bey the founder of Beşiktaş Football branch possed away one day prior to Istanbul League Final match with Fenerbahçe in the season of 1932-33. On 16 June 1933 Besiktas Football Team for the first time wore all Black uniforms. Fenerbahce also wore black strips on arms. Although Besiktas could not change the score after 66 attacks, received the nickname “Black Eagles” from the supporters. 1935 Besiktas JK organized “Ataturk Sports Day” together with Fenerbahce, Galatasaray and Gunesspor on 24 May1935. Later with the proposal of Besiktas JK “19 May Youth and Sports Festival” has been celebrated every year. Emblem The emblem of Besiktas symbolizes the foundation date. There are two white and three black bars on the emblem. It consists of a total of nine parts. The first white bar shows 1 The tree black bars show3 The second white bar shows1 Number of bars is 9 The Arabic calender was being used in Ottoman Empire and 1319 is the foundation year of Besiktas in Arabic calender, which is the year 1903 in modern calender. Besiktas JK had gained the right to use The Turkish Flag in its Emblem due to play against Greece National Team in the name of Turkish National Team once before. No other club has the right to use Turkish Flag in their Emblems. Turkish Flag is a gift of Turkish Football Federation. Colors: Black and White When Besiktas was founded, the colors of the club were Red and White. After the Balkan Wars of 1912 and 1913, the Ottoman Empire lost most of the Balkan lands and left many deads including some of the sportsmen of the club. This was a black day for the all nation. Then Besiktas decided to change its Red and White colors to Black and White, as the Black is the symbol of mourning, until all of the Balkan lands are taken back by the Turks. But the Turks could not get the Balkan lands back and the colors of Besiktas stayed Black and White. Why Black Eagles In the 1932-33 season, when the teams came to the last week, Fenerbahce was the leader and Besiktas was the second two points after Fenerbahce, and the last game was between Besiktas and Fenerbahce. To be the champion, Besiktas might definitely win the game, a tie or loss would make Fenerbahce the champion. Seref Bey who is the one of the greatest personality in Besiktas history passed away just one days before the big game with Fenerbahce. All Besiktas world was very sad and they played with black socks, shorts and black jersey. All players were throughout black, because black is the symbol of mourning. All black dressed players attacked Fenerbahce from 1st thru 90th minute. They had 66 attacks on Fenerbahce but unfortunately could not score any of them. Besiktas lost the championship that year, but all black dressed Besiktas was spoken in every corner of Istanbul. - They were unbelievable - What a great team - They were attacking like eagles - They were like Black Eagles Besiktas won something maybe more important than the championship: It was the glory and the honor of being named as BLACK EAGLES. Active Branches: Athletics Basketball Boxing Bridge Football Wrestling Handball Rowing Volleyball Sports Done Before: Billiards Horse-Riding Bicycle Fencing Rope Pulling Weight Lifting Hockey Gymnastics Judo Quiver Water Sports Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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